By job gal | July 7, 2008
Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States, was founded on July 16, 1790. The city was created as part of the Residence Act, which established the district as the new permanent capital. George Washington chose the location of the capital, and it was named in his honor in 1791.
The city is located on the north bank of the Potomac River, and is bordered by Virginia to the southwest and Maryland to the northwest, northeast and southeast. An 1871 Act of Congress merged the city and district into a single entity. The United States Congress has supreme authority over Washington D.C., so residents have less self-governance.
The city’s population increases to more than 1 million people during the workweek because of commuters. D.C. is home to 172 foreign embassies, headquarters of the World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States and the Inter-American Development Bank, as well as several trade unions, lobbying groups and professional associations.
Washington D.C.’s Job Market
In 2007, D.C.’s gross state product was $93.8 billion. The federal government accounts for about 27 percent of jobs in the area.
Washington D.C.’s fastest growing industries include: trade, professional and business services, legal services, computer systems design services, management consulting services, accounting and advertising, elementary and secondary education, healthcare, non-profit sector and accommodation and food services.
Mean travel time to work: 29.7 minutes
Washington, D.C. unemployment rate: 6.2 percent
National unemployment rate: 5.5 percent
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Washington, D.C. Statistics
Total population: 581,530
Persons under five-years old: 6 percent
Persons under 18-years old: 19.8 percent
Persons 65-years and older: 12.3 percent
Female: 53.1 percent
White: 38.4 percent
Black: 56.5 percent
American Indian and Alaska Native: .4 percent
Asian: 3.2 percent
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander: .1 percent
Multi-racial: 1.4 percent
Hispanic or Latino: 8.2 percent
Non-Hispanic white: 31.7 percent
High school graduates: 77.8 percent
Bachelor’s degree or higher: 39.1 percent
Housing units: 282,894
Homeownership rate: 40.8 percent
Housing units in multi-unit structures: 60.2 percent
Median value of owner-occupied housing units: $157,200
Persons per household: 2.16
Median household income: $46,211
Per capita income: $28,659
Persons below poverty: 18.3 percent
Airports: Ronald Reagan Washington National, Washington Dulles International, Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall
Railroads: Amtrak (Northeast Corridor, Acela Express), MARC, VRE
Public mass transit: Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Rapid Transit, Metrorail, Metrobus)
Average annual precipitation: 39.3 inches
Average low temp. in January: 28 degrees
Average high temp. in July: 88 degrees
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